New UK drought data

The NERC UK Drought and Water Scarcity Programme will be releasing a number of datasets over the next 18 months together with interfaces for accessing and visualising data over the web and guidance for use of the data. For more information on these datasets, please email Matt Fry (mfry@ceh.ac.uk).

New Hydro-meterological datasets

New Social and Socio-economic datasets

Links to available datasets with full descriptions

New Hydro-meterological datasets

Historic hydro-meteorological data

  • Historic gridded Potential Evapotranspiration (PET), monthly and daily 5km grids, 1891-2015, based on temperatures [CEH]
  • Historic Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI), 5km grid + catchments, 1862-2015 [CEH]
  • Enhanced historic rain gauge data, and updated 5km rainfall grids back to the 1860s [Met Office]. Gridded data expected May 2018, individual raingauges to be added to MIDAS-Open archive at a later date.
  • Historic catchment average daily rainfall series for selected catchments, 1861-2015 [Met Office / CEH]. Expected May 2018.
  • Historic Standardised Precipitation Evaporation Index (SPEI), 5km grid + catchments, 1891-2015 [CEH]. Expected June 2018.
  • Reconstructed / modelled historic daily river flow series for gauged catchments from 3 models, 1891-2015: Grid-to-Grid [CEH] AirGR [CEH], Dynamic TopModel [University of Bristol]. Dynamic TopModel outputs Expected March 2018.
  • Reconstructed / modelled historic monthly gridded river flow and soil moisture for UK from the Grid-to-Grid model, 1km grid, 1891-2015 [CEH]. Expected March 2018.
  • Reconstructed historic groundwater level series for 50 boreholes, 1891-2015 [BGS]. Expected April 2018.
  • Historic drought indicators (SSI, SGI) from reconstructed borehole records, 1891-2015 [CEH, BGS]. Expected April 2018.

Near real-time drought-related metrics

The following drought-related metrics have been focussed on within the Drought and Water Scarcity programme, and could become accessible in near-real time should this be a requirement from users:

  • Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI), 5km grid + catchments, monthly [CEH] – already available via the CEH Drought Portal
  • Standardised Streamflow Index (SSI), selected gauging stations, monthly [CEH]
  • Standardised Groundwater Level Index (SGI), selected boreholes, monthly [BGS]
  • Hydro-ecological drought metrics, under development within the projects [CEH]

Climate change projection data

Probabilistic time series based on the Weather at Home (W@H) event set (100 ensemble members for each time slice) for a baseline period (1974-2004) and two future periods (2020-2049 and 2070-2099) under the RCP8.5 high emission scenario.

  • Full gridded climate outputs including PET, daily / monthly on ~25km grid (University of Oxford)
  • (Dependent on user requirements) Catchment average rainfall, temperature and PET for gauged catchments
  • Daily river flow series at gauged catchments: Grid-to-Grid [CEH], Dynamic TopModel [University of Bristol]
  • Gridded monthly flows and soil moisture from Grid-to-Grid, 1km grid [CEH]
  • (Dependent on user requirements) Summary grids and maps of this data, e.g. change factors for future time periods for key statistics (annual / monthly / seasonal flows, etc.)

Daily grids of hydrological variables (runoff, soil moisture, etc.) under UKCP09 climate projections for seven representative catchments across the UK for three future periods (2020s, 2050s ,2080s), with 100 realisations, modelled with Di-CHASM [CEH]

Expected March 2018 onwards.

New Social and Socio-economic datasets

The multi-disciplinary UK Drought and Water Scarcity programme is also producing a wide range of data outputs from research activities in many disciplines. Some of these outputs are listed below, and others will be added as they are produced and identified from the component projects.

Cross-sectoral inventory of past droughts

References to past droughts from a variety of sectors, integrated into a consistent format to capture spatial and temporal reporting of drought:

  • References to droughts in the agricultural media. 2000+ entries referring to drought within UK agricultural media between 1975 and 2012, including information on farm classification.
  • References to droughts in legislation. 500+ entries referring to drought within UK legislation between 1976 and 2012, from Hansard debates and other government publications.
  • References to droughts in newspapers. Thousands of spatially located entries referring to drought within local and national newspapers from 1800 to 2014.
  • References to droughts in oral histories. 1000 entries referring to drought from dozens of drought-focussed oral histories from across the UK, from water industry experts and members of the public.

Expected March 2018

Database of reservoir construction: dataset of over 260 UK reservoirs, with information on capacity information, planning and construction dates, upstream and downstream gauging stations, built between 1800 and 2000.

Expected April 2018

Links to available datasets with full descriptions

Historic hydro-meteorological data

Climate change projection data